can dogs eat caviar?

Can Dogs Eat Caviar? Is Caviar Safe For Dogs?

Can Dogs Eat Caviar? Is Caviar Safe For Dogs?

Most dogs tolerate seafood pretty well, but can dogs eat caviar? You may be thinking of giving your dog a "gourmet" treat if you have some caviar.

Caviar is a delicacy that isn't harmful to dogs, so it's unlikely to hurt your dog if he consumes a small bit. Caviar is also high in salt and can be harmful to a dog's digestive system if consumed in excess.

What is Considered Caviar?

Caviar is a delicacy made from salt-cured roe from the Acipenseridae family. Caviar can be used as a garnish or a spread. Traditionally, caviar has solely referred to the roe of wild sturgeon from the Caspian and Black Seas (Beluga, Ossetra and Sevruga caviars).

Caviar can also refer to the roe of other sturgeon species or other fish such as salmon, steelhead, trout, lumpfish, whitefish, or carp, depending on the country.

Beluga caviar is appreciated for its huge, delicate eggs. It comes in a variety of colors, ranging from mild silver-gray to black. The small golden sterlet caviar  which is extremely rare and was originally only available to Russian, Iranian, and Austrian monarchy.

The medium-sized, light brown to deep brown Ossetra, often known as Russian caviar, is the next best in terms of quality.  The Chinese Kaluga hybrid is a near relation of beluga caviar, ranging in hue from dark gray to light golden green.

caviar on toast

Why Is Caviar Bad For Dogs?

The dog's typical diet does not include caviar. But that isn't the only problem with caviar. There are several reasons why caviar is unhealthy for dogs, including the nutrients and their potential repercussions.

Sodium Content

Caviar is cured in salt, which results in a high sodium content in the delicacy. One tablespoon of caviar can be enough to cause salt toxicity in tiny dogs (the chances are even higher for dogs with co-existing kidney disease).


A tablespoon of caviar has 42 calories in it. Adult dogs require between 25 and 30 calories per pound of bodyweight. A 30-pound dog would require around 800 calories per day.

If the dog gets these calories from its regular diet, putting caviar on top of it can cause weight gain. Obesity raises the dog's risk of developing diseases such as diabetes and heart problems. 

Potential Food Poisoning

Caviar can cause food poisoning if it isn't prepared, stored, or handled properly. Caviar can be contaminated with germs and diseases such as Botulism and Salmonella.

Caviar, even if it is not tainted, can cause digestive problems in dogs since it is difficult to digest and metabolize. Vomiting, diarrhea, loss of appetite, fever, thirst, and fatigue are all clear symptoms of food poisoning in dogs.

What Should I Do If My Dog Eats Caviar?

If your dog eats a small amount of caviar, he should be fine. If your dog eats caviar and you notice any signs of digestive issues, it is best to call your veterinarian for further instruction. Excess caviar and salt consumption can cause:
  • Panting
  • Dehydration
  • Tremors
  • Excessive Thirst

As previously mentioned, most dogs will be fine after eating some caviar. It should not be given as a treat due to its salt content.

cute dog begging for caviar to eat

Alternate Treats For Your Dog

If you want to spoil your pooch, a small amount of cottage cheese, kefir, or a few slices of cheddar, swiss, or other cheese can be given as a treat. Carrot, sweet potato/yam, strawberries, and banana are all beneficial for dogs, and a few pieces of each are fine.

You can still spoil your dog and give him a healthy treat at the same time! Avoid giving your dog any food with processed sugars or high sodium content.

Review: Can Dogs Eat Caviar?

Around 240 mg of sodium could be found in a tablespoon of caviar. A healthy 33-pound dog should not eat more than 100 milligrams of sodium per day. You can see how dangerous a single tablespoon of caviar could be to small to medium-sized dog breeds' health.

Salt poisoning can cause a variety of symptoms in dogs, ranging from minor to severe. If your dog isn't acting normally after eating caviar, you should take him to the clinic.

Caviar should not be given to your dog as a treat, but a small amount won't hurt them. Healthy alternatives exist, and should be a great alternative for your dog.

Find the perfect gift for your dog